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FOT Midterm  2014-2015

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Technological ________________ is often the result of sharing technologies between technology systems
a.
process
c.
innovation
b.
invention
d.
connections
 

 2. 

Most technological development has been ______________, the result of a series of refinements to a basic invention.
a.
revolutionary
c.
transformational
b.
evolutionary
d.
original
 

 3. 

When communicating technical procedures or processes, it is important to know ___________________.
a.
your audience
c.
the technical details of the project
b.
how to make a power point presentation
d.
look smart so that there will be few questions
 

 4. 

Electrons flowing in only one direction is called ___________ Current
a.
Alternating
c.
Electrical
b.
Electron
d.
Direct
 

 5. 

Throughout history,________________ has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
a.
transportation
c.
computers
b.
materails
d.
technology
 

 6. 

Design problems _________ arise in a clearly defined form.
a.
never
c.
always
b.
seldom
d.
sometimes
 

 7. 

Instrumentation like the telescope and microscope enabled early scientists to observe and quantify natural phenomena happened during this age.
a.
Iron
c.
Information
b.
Renaissance
d.
Bronze
 

 8. 

The time period in western Europe that saw a rebirth of the arts and humanities as well as the creation of scientific thought.
a.
Dark Ages
c.
Renaissance Age
b.
Information Age
d.
Middle Ages
 

 9. 

______________is the systematic application of mathematical, scientific, and technical principles, to yield tangible end products that meet our needs and desires.
a.
Mathematics
c.
Technology
b.
Engineering
d.
Science
 

 10. 

The evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has in turn affected the development of ____________________.
a.
machines and tools
c.
information and know-how
b.
fabric and materials
d.
tools and materials
 

 11. 

The transitional movement in Europe between the middle ages and modern times, marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Paleolithic Age
b.
Renaissance
d.
Information Age
 

 12. 

When a new technological idea is developed, the process of protecting that idea is known as _________________.
a.
prototyping
c.
expanding
b.
patenting
d.
protectionism
 

 13. 

Which of the following is NOT a fossil fuel?
a.
Gasoline
c.
Petroleum
b.
Corn Oil
d.
Coal
 

 14. 

The following equations are all different ways to mathematically explain which scientific concept?

V = IR      or      I = V      or      R = V
                              R                       I
a.
Ohms Law
c.
Bernoulli’s Law
b.
Watts Law
d.
Horse Power
 

 15. 

A stop light would be used to _____________ drivers.
a.
educate
c.
inform
b.
control
d.
entertain
 

 16. 

This age saw military dominance by the use of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows that enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production.
a.
Iron Age
c.
Agricultural Age
b.
Roman Empire Age
d.
Middle Ages
 

 17. 

The study of Social Science has been revolutionized by the use of __________________.
a.
cataloging databases
c.
file sharing
b.
computer databases
d.
computer processing
 

 18. 

Throughout history,________________ has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
a.
materails
c.
computers
b.
technology
d.
transportation
 

 19. 

These types of systems are used to inform, persuade, entertain, control, manage, and educate.
a.
Consultation and Interaction
c.
Information and Communication
b.
Entertainment and Recreation
d.
Broadcasting and Computer
 

 20. 

Electronic Circuits consist of a path for ______________ to flow and an energy source.
a.
volts
c.
atoms
b.
protons
d.
electrons
 

 21. 

A ________________________ is any material that easily allows electrons to flow.
a.
capacitor
c.
conductor
b.
resistor
d.
diode
 

 22. 

___________________ is the electrical force that moves electrons through a conductor
a.
Watts
c.
Voltage
b.
Electricity
d.
Ohms
 

 23. 

The sequence of sending a message includes:
a.
source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, and destination
c.
source, decoder, transmitter, receiver, encoder, and destination
b.
destination, decoder, transmitter, receiver, encoder, and source
d.
source, encoder, receiver, transmitter, decoder, and destination
 

 24. 

By examining the graph below, what can be said about the use of technology and society?

mc024-1.jpg
a.
Technology has had a great effect on society
c.
People in the 1700’s did not use any information.
b.
Technology has caused the food production to decrease
d.
Technology has had no effect on society
 

 25. 

Farming, the domestication of animals, beginning of settled communities is an example of how ____________________ has been evolutionary
a.
security and health
c.
agriculture
b.
tools and materials
d.
technological development
 

 26. 

In an information and communication system, these three items are associated with sending and receiving information.
a.
resources, process and output
c.
input, resources and feedback
b.
feedback, resources and process
d.
input, process and output
 

 27. 

Design ______________ sometimes compete with each other.
a.
research
c.
needs and desires
b.
requirements
d.
opportunities
 

 28. 

The Paleolithic Age saw the evolution of stone tools which lead to a(n)
a.
improved health
c.
enhanced security
b.
all of the above
d.
increase of population
 

 29. 

The use of an alarm clock is what type of communication?
a.
machine to machine
c.
human to human
b.
human to machine
d.
machine to human
 

 30. 

There are strong relationships between _______________ and the study of science that include interests in scientific laws, systems and designs
a.
engineering
c.
mathematics
b.
fields of study
d.
technology
 

 31. 

The wheeled plow, improved harness for horses, horseshoes, stirrups, waterwheels, crank, windmill, cast iron, cannons, mechanical clock, compass, ocean-going ships all were developed during the _______________.
a.
Iron Age
c.
Neolithic Age
b.
Renaissance
d.
Middle Ages
 

 32. 

Designs must be continually ___________________ and improved.
a.
challenged, rejected
c.
checked, refined,
b.
innovated, improvised
d.
made, developed
 

 33. 

The creation of new tools and materials has had a great impact on __________.
a.
people
c.
politics
b.
social changes
d.
civilization
 

 34. 

There are many ways to communitcate information, such as ____________ and electronic means.
a.
open-loop
c.
alternative
b.
nonlinear
d.
graphic
 

 35. 

The graph below describes attributes of four different types of cultures.  Based on this graph what could you say about the way the cultures develop and use new technologies?

mc035-1.jpg
a.
They all depend on the development of other cultures to create new technologies
c.
Each culture creates technologies to satisfy the needs and wants of others.
b.
They all create technologies to satisfy their own needs, wants and values.
d.
Each one creates and uses technologies at the same pace.
 

 36. 

This age saw military dominance by the use of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows that enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Roman Empire Age
b.
Agricultural Age
d.
Iron Age
 

 37. 

Information and _______________ technologies include inputs, processes and outs associated with sending and receiving information.
a.
medical
c.
biotechnologies
b.
communication
d.
mechanical
 

 38. 

According to the PowerPoint presentation, a thermostat represents _________________ communication.
a.
human to machine
c.
human to human
b.
machine to human
d.
machine to machine
 

 39. 

During the ________________, emphasis is placed on the processing and exchange of data.
a.
Modern Age
c.
Information Age
b.
Middle Age
d.
Paleolithic Age
 

 40. 

Which of the following is NOT a form of energy?
a.
Nuclear
c.
Chemical
b.
Biological
d.
Electrical
 

 41. 

The use of iron as the main metal that was used for small figurines, ornamental jewelry, swords, axes, and spearheads.
a.
Stone Age
c.
Paleolithic Age
b.
Iron Age
d.
Neolithic Age
 

 42. 

________________ is the force that reduces or stops the flow of electrons. It opposes voltage
a.
Resistance
c.
Current
b.
Capacitor
d.
Voltage
 

 43. 

mc043-1.jpg
In the diagram above, you can use what formula to help evaluate the design solution.
a.
Pathagrean Theorem
c.
Pascal’s Law
b.
Mechanical Advantage
d.
Ohm’s Law
 

 44. 


mc044-1.jpg



Use the diagram above to help you determine the amount of resistance in the resistor.(RED, ORANGE, YELLOW, GOLD)
mc044-2.jpg
a.
234 ohms
c.
2300 ohms
b.
230,000 ohms
d.
23,400  ohms
 

 45. 

When designing a new device, thought should be given to how it will be manufactured, operated, maintained, replaced, and disposed of as well as __________________________________________.
a.
how the device will operate
c.
how it will be used, and stored
b.
who will sell, operate, and take care of it
d.
who will maintain and clean the device
 

 46. 

When using tonal shading, the surface hidden from the light is the
a.
is in half tone
c.
darkest
b.
gets no shading at all
d.
lightest
 

 47. 

In the designed world items such as generators, electric motors, alarm systems, and automobile electrical systems all depend on the application of _____________________.
a.
Mechanical Technology
c.
Electronic Technology
b.
Electrical Technology
d.
Magnetic Technology
 

 48. 

Starting in the 1950s and continuing today in which the gathering, manipulation, classification, storage, and retrieval of information is central to the workings of society.
a.
Information Age
c.
Electronic Age
b.
Industrial Age
d.
Computer Age
 

 49. 

The ________________ saw development of continuous manufacturing, sophisticated transportation and communication systems, advanced construction practices, and improved education and leisure time.
a.
Iron Age
c.
Information Revolution
b.
Industrial Revolution
d.
Computer Revolution
 

 50. 

The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Information Age
b.
Neolithic Age
d.
Industrial Age
 

 51. 

A memo or school newsletter would most like be used to ____________ students and school employees.
a.
manage
c.
inform
b.
persuade
d.
entertain
 

 52. 

Design is driven by ______________ and the market.
a.
profit motive
c.
benefits to society
b.
governmental regulations
d.
money
 

 53. 

Can be transferred from human to human, human to machine, machine to human, and machine to machine.
a.
information
c.
photochemical processes
b.
measurements
d.
interconnected components
 

 54. 

The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Information Age
b.
Industrial Revolution
d.
Renaissance Age
 

 55. 

The rise and decline of serfdom and feudalism, the rise of the money economy and capitalism, the expansion and contraction of economic activity, and the beginnings of urbanization and industrialization.
a.
Renaissance
c.
Modern Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Iron Age
 

 56. 

The picture below represents the angles used in
      mc056-1.jpg
a.
Oblique Cabinet Drawings
c.
Oblique Cavalier Drawings
b.
Two-point perspective drawings
d.
Isometric drawings
 

 57. 

When the electrons move from one atom to the next, it is called ___________ flow
a.
electron
c.
neuetron
b.
proton
d.
atom
 

 58. 

A CONDUCTOR has 1 to ___ free electrons in the outer ring.
a.
3
c.
2
b.
4
d.
5
 

 59. 

In the cut away diagram of a motor below, what does the armature do?
mc059-1.jpg
a.
When energized, it causes the magnets to rotate.
c.
Rotates around the magnets.
b.
Turns the brushes on the motor.
d.
Converts electrical current into an electromagnet.
 

 60. 

Known as __________________, this is when a new user applies an existing innovation developed for one purpose in a different function.
a.
inventions
c.
innovation
b.
application processes
d.
technology transfer
 

 61. 

An __________________ is any material that prevents the flow of electrons
a.
resistor
c.
insulator
b.
capacitor
d.
conductor
 

 62. 

Made up of source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, storage, retreival, and destination.
a.
communication systems
c.
medical systems
b.
biotechnology systems
d.
transportation systems
 

 63. 

_________________ is the quantity or flow rate of electrons moving past a point within one second
a.
Resistance
c.
Voltage
b.
Electron Flow
d.
Current
 

 64. 

The type of culture that satisifes its technological needs and wants through a mentoring, nutruring and participation approach is refered to as a ______________ culture.
a.
Heirarchally Oriented
c.
Adhocracy Oriented
b.
Market Oriented
d.
Clan Oriented
 

 65. 

A modern fuel efficient car is an example of how technological developments are evolutionary the result of a series of  ___________________ that have been made to the original invention.
a.
creations
c.
inventions
b.
refinements
d.
advancements
 

 66. 

Information and communication systems can be used to inform, ______, entertain, control, manage, and educate.
a.
build
c.
maintain
b.
persuade
d.
experiment
 

 67. 

Advancements in science and mathematics is promoted by _______________ progress.
a.
computer
c.
industrial
b.
technological
d.
engineering
 

 68. 

________________involves establishing a product’s identity, conducting research on its potential, advertising it, distributing it, and selling it
a.
Managment
c.
Intermodilism
b.
Marketing
d.
Manufacturing
 

 69. 

Design is the result of a ________, sequential process.
a.
informal
c.
incomplete
b.
formal
d.
random
 

 70. 

The development of agriculture, year round settlements, pottery, polished stone tools, spinning and weaving tools, wooden and stone plows and sickles are examples of technologies that evolved during the __________________.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Neolithic Age
b.
Modern Age
d.
Paleolithic Age
 

 71. 

                                      mc071-1.jpg

The picture above is an example of
a.
Multi-view drawing
c.
An Oblique drawing
b.
an isometric drawing
d.
two-point perspective drawing
 

Matching
 
 
a.
grp001-1.jpg
f.
grp001-6.jpg
b.
grp001-2.jpg
g.
grp001-7.jpg
c.
grp001-3.jpg
h.
grp001-8.jpg
d.
grp001-4.jpg
i.
grp001-9.jpg
e.
grp001-5.jpg
 

 72. 

Resistor
 

 73. 

Light Emitting Diode
 

 74. 

Photocell
 

 75. 

Energy Source
 

 76. 

Potentiometer
 
 
Match the terms with their definition.
a.
data
f.
receiver
b.
communication
g.
knowledge
c.
decoder
h.
storage
d.
encoder
i.
transmitter
e.
information
 

 77. 

A device that changes a coded message into an understandable form
 

 78. 

Information applied to a task
 

 79. 

The sending and receiving of information
 

 80. 

A device that sends a signal (encoded message)
 

 81. 

A device tyhat acquires a signal (encoded message)
 

 82. 

A device that changes a message into a form that can be transmitted
 

 83. 

Unorganized facts
 

 84. 

Organized Data
 
 
Match the communication listed below with the communication method.
a.
human to human
c.
machine to human
b.
human to machine
d.
machine to machine
 

 85. 

theromstat
 

 86. 

telephone
 

 87. 

smoke detector
 

 88. 

email
 

 89. 

alarm clock
 

 90. 

tv remote control
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 91. 

Step one in using the box method is to use points and construction lines to identify surfaces that are not parallel to the faces of the box.
 

 92. 

An isometric drawing shows equal importance to height, width and depth.
 

 93. 

An Isometric drawing will have a point with three lines forming three 120 degree angles.
 



 
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