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FOT Midterm 2014-2015

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Design is driven by ______________ and the market.
a.
profit motive
c.
benefits to society
b.
governmental regulations
d.
money
 

 2. 

Which of the following is NOT a form of energy?
a.
Nuclear
c.
Biological
b.
Electrical
d.
Chemical
 

 3. 

Information and communication systems can be used to inform, ______, entertain, control, manage, and educate.
a.
experiment
c.
build
b.
persuade
d.
maintain
 

 4. 

A modern fuel efficient car is an example of how technological developments are evolutionary the result of a series of  ___________________ that have been made to the original invention.
a.
inventions
c.
refinements
b.
advancements
d.
creations
 

 5. 

When communicating technical procedures or processes, it is important to know ___________________.
a.
the technical details of the project
c.
look smart so that there will be few questions
b.
how to make a power point presentation
d.
your audience
 

 6. 

These types of systems are used to inform, persuade, entertain, control, manage, and educate.
a.
Broadcasting and Computer
c.
Entertainment and Recreation
b.
Information and Communication
d.
Consultation and Interaction
 

 7. 

The type of culture that satisifes its technological needs and wants through a mentoring, nutruring and participation approach is refered to as a ______________ culture.
a.
Adhocracy Oriented
c.
Clan Oriented
b.
Market Oriented
d.
Heirarchally Oriented
 

 8. 

Which of the following is NOT a fossil fuel?
a.
Gasoline
c.
Petroleum
b.
Corn Oil
d.
Coal
 

 9. 

Design ______________ sometimes compete with each other.
a.
needs and desires
c.
opportunities
b.
requirements
d.
research
 

 10. 

Design is the result of a ________, sequential process.
a.
formal
c.
incomplete
b.
random
d.
informal
 

 11. 

________________involves establishing a product’s identity, conducting research on its potential, advertising it, distributing it, and selling it
a.
Managment
c.
Manufacturing
b.
Intermodilism
d.
Marketing
 

 12. 

This age saw military dominance by the use of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows that enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production.
a.
Roman Empire Age
c.
Iron Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Agricultural Age
 

 13. 

Information and _______________ technologies include inputs, processes and outs associated with sending and receiving information.
a.
mechanical
c.
medical
b.
communication
d.
biotechnologies
 

 14. 

Design problems _________ arise in a clearly defined form.
a.
sometimes
c.
never
b.
always
d.
seldom
 

 15. 

________________ is the force that reduces or stops the flow of electrons. It opposes voltage
a.
Voltage
c.
Current
b.
Resistance
d.
Capacitor
 

 16. 

Throughout history,________________ has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
a.
technology
c.
materails
b.
transportation
d.
computers
 

 17. 

During the ________________, emphasis is placed on the processing and exchange of data.
a.
Paleolithic Age
c.
Middle Age
b.
Information Age
d.
Modern Age
 

 18. 

                                      mc018-1.jpg

The picture above is an example of
a.
an isometric drawing
c.
two-point perspective drawing
b.
An Oblique drawing
d.
Multi-view drawing
 

 19. 

In the designed world items such as generators, electric motors, alarm systems, and automobile electrical systems all depend on the application of _____________________.
a.
Electronic Technology
c.
Mechanical Technology
b.
Electrical Technology
d.
Magnetic Technology
 

 20. 

The creation of new tools and materials has had a great impact on __________.
a.
civilization
c.
people
b.
politics
d.
social changes
 

 21. 

A CONDUCTOR has 1 to ___ free electrons in the outer ring.
a.
5
c.
2
b.
3
d.
4
 

 22. 

According to the PowerPoint presentation, a thermostat represents _________________ communication.
a.
machine to machine
c.
human to human
b.
human to machine
d.
machine to human
 

 23. 

When using tonal shading, the surface hidden from the light is the
a.
lightest
c.
gets no shading at all
b.
darkest
d.
is in half tone
 

 24. 

The use of iron as the main metal that was used for small figurines, ornamental jewelry, swords, axes, and spearheads.
a.
Iron Age
c.
Stone Age
b.
Neolithic Age
d.
Paleolithic Age
 

 25. 

The ________________ saw development of continuous manufacturing, sophisticated transportation and communication systems, advanced construction practices, and improved education and leisure time.
a.
Industrial Revolution
c.
Information Revolution
b.
Iron Age
d.
Computer Revolution
 

 26. 

Instrumentation like the telescope and microscope enabled early scientists to observe and quantify natural phenomena happened during this age.
a.
Renaissance
c.
Information
b.
Bronze
d.
Iron
 

 27. 

mc027-1.jpg
In the diagram above, you can use what formula to help evaluate the design solution.
a.
Mechanical Advantage
c.
Pathagrean Theorem
b.
Pascal’s Law
d.
Ohm’s Law
 

 28. 

Advancements in science and mathematics is promoted by _______________ progress.
a.
industrial
c.
computer
b.
technological
d.
engineering
 

 29. 

In the cut away diagram of a motor below, what does the armature do?
mc029-1.jpg
a.
Converts electrical current into an electromagnet.
c.
Turns the brushes on the motor.
b.
Rotates around the magnets.
d.
When energized, it causes the magnets to rotate.
 

 30. 

The graph below describes attributes of four different types of cultures.  Based on this graph what could you say about the way the cultures develop and use new technologies?

mc030-1.jpg
a.
They all depend on the development of other cultures to create new technologies
c.
Each culture creates technologies to satisfy the needs and wants of others.
b.
Each one creates and uses technologies at the same pace.
d.
They all create technologies to satisfy their own needs, wants and values.
 

 31. 

_________________ is the quantity or flow rate of electrons moving past a point within one second
a.
Current
c.
Electron Flow
b.
Voltage
d.
Resistance
 

 32. 

The wheeled plow, improved harness for horses, horseshoes, stirrups, waterwheels, crank, windmill, cast iron, cannons, mechanical clock, compass, ocean-going ships all were developed during the _______________.
a.
Neolithic Age
c.
Iron Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Renaissance
 

 33. 

Made up of source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, storage, retreival, and destination.
a.
communication systems
c.
medical systems
b.
biotechnology systems
d.
transportation systems
 

 34. 

An __________________ is any material that prevents the flow of electrons
a.
resistor
c.
capacitor
b.
conductor
d.
insulator
 

 35. 

Can be transferred from human to human, human to machine, machine to human, and machine to machine.
a.
measurements
c.
information
b.
photochemical processes
d.
interconnected components
 

 36. 

The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies.
a.
Information Age
c.
Neolithic Age
b.
Industrial Age
d.
Middle Ages
 

 37. 

The picture below represents the angles used in
      mc037-1.jpg
a.
Isometric drawings
c.
Oblique Cabinet Drawings
b.
Two-point perspective drawings
d.
Oblique Cavalier Drawings
 

 38. 

The use of an alarm clock is what type of communication?
a.
human to human
c.
machine to human
b.
machine to machine
d.
human to machine
 

 39. 

The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies.
a.
Industrial Revolution
c.
Information Age
b.
Renaissance Age
d.
Middle Ages
 

 40. 

Technological ________________ is often the result of sharing technologies between technology systems
a.
connections
c.
invention
b.
innovation
d.
process
 

 41. 

A stop light would be used to _____________ drivers.
a.
control
c.
educate
b.
entertain
d.
inform
 

 42. 

Throughout history,________________ has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
a.
computers
c.
materails
b.
technology
d.
transportation
 

 43. 

Designs must be continually ___________________ and improved.
a.
checked, refined,
c.
challenged, rejected
b.
innovated, improvised
d.
made, developed
 

 44. 

The time period in western Europe that saw a rebirth of the arts and humanities as well as the creation of scientific thought.
a.
Information Age
c.
Renaissance Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Dark Ages
 

 45. 

The sequence of sending a message includes:
a.
destination, decoder, transmitter, receiver, encoder, and source
c.
source, encoder, receiver, transmitter, decoder, and destination
b.
source, decoder, transmitter, receiver, encoder, and destination
d.
source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, and destination
 

 46. 

There are many ways to communitcate information, such as ____________ and electronic means.
a.
nonlinear
c.
alternative
b.
open-loop
d.
graphic
 

 47. 

The transitional movement in Europe between the middle ages and modern times, marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence.
a.
Paleolithic Age
c.
Renaissance
b.
Information Age
d.
Middle Ages
 

 48. 

___________________ is the electrical force that moves electrons through a conductor
a.
Voltage
c.
Electricity
b.
Ohms
d.
Watts
 

 49. 

Farming, the domestication of animals, beginning of settled communities is an example of how ____________________ has been evolutionary
a.
security and health
c.
technological development
b.
agriculture
d.
tools and materials
 

 50. 

A memo or school newsletter would most like be used to ____________ students and school employees.
a.
persuade
c.
inform
b.
entertain
d.
manage
 

 51. 

______________is the systematic application of mathematical, scientific, and technical principles, to yield tangible end products that meet our needs and desires.
a.
Technology
c.
Science
b.
Engineering
d.
Mathematics
 

 52. 


mc052-1.jpg



Use the diagram above to help you determine the amount of resistance in the resistor.(RED, ORANGE, YELLOW, GOLD)
mc052-2.jpg
a.
234 ohms
c.
2300 ohms
b.
230,000 ohms
d.
23,400  ohms
 

 53. 

The study of Social Science has been revolutionized by the use of __________________.
a.
computer databases
c.
cataloging databases
b.
file sharing
d.
computer processing
 

 54. 

This age saw military dominance by the use of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows that enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production.
a.
Agricultural Age
c.
Roman Empire Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Iron Age
 

 55. 

The rise and decline of serfdom and feudalism, the rise of the money economy and capitalism, the expansion and contraction of economic activity, and the beginnings of urbanization and industrialization.
a.
Renaissance
c.
Modern Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Iron Age
 

 56. 

There are strong relationships between _______________ and the study of science that include interests in scientific laws, systems and designs
a.
engineering
c.
technology
b.
fields of study
d.
mathematics
 

 57. 

Known as __________________, this is when a new user applies an existing innovation developed for one purpose in a different function.
a.
innovation
c.
application processes
b.
inventions
d.
technology transfer
 

 58. 

In an information and communication system, these three items are associated with sending and receiving information.
a.
feedback, resources and process
c.
resources, process and output
b.
input, resources and feedback
d.
input, process and output
 

 59. 

When the electrons move from one atom to the next, it is called ___________ flow
a.
atom
c.
neuetron
b.
electron
d.
proton
 

 60. 

The following equations are all different ways to mathematically explain which scientific concept?

V = IR      or      I = V      or      R = V
                              R                       I
a.
Bernoulli’s Law
c.
Ohms Law
b.
Horse Power
d.
Watts Law
 

 61. 

The Paleolithic Age saw the evolution of stone tools which lead to a(n)
a.
all of the above
c.
enhanced security
b.
improved health
d.
increase of population
 

 62. 

Electrons flowing in only one direction is called ___________ Current
a.
Direct
c.
Electrical
b.
Alternating
d.
Electron
 

 63. 

The evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has in turn affected the development of ____________________.
a.
machines and tools
c.
information and know-how
b.
fabric and materials
d.
tools and materials
 

 64. 

The development of agriculture, year round settlements, pottery, polished stone tools, spinning and weaving tools, wooden and stone plows and sickles are examples of technologies that evolved during the __________________.
a.
Modern Age
c.
Paleolithic Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Neolithic Age
 

 65. 

When designing a new device, thought should be given to how it will be manufactured, operated, maintained, replaced, and disposed of as well as __________________________________________.
a.
who will maintain and clean the device
c.
who will sell, operate, and take care of it
b.
how the device will operate
d.
how it will be used, and stored
 

 66. 

Most technological development has been ______________, the result of a series of refinements to a basic invention.
a.
revolutionary
c.
original
b.
evolutionary
d.
transformational
 

 67. 

By examining the graph below, what can be said about the use of technology and society?

mc067-1.jpg
a.
Technology has had a great effect on society
c.
People in the 1700’s did not use any information.
b.
Technology has caused the food production to decrease
d.
Technology has had no effect on society
 

 68. 

When a new technological idea is developed, the process of protecting that idea is known as _________________.
a.
expanding
c.
prototyping
b.
protectionism
d.
patenting
 

 69. 

Electronic Circuits consist of a path for ______________ to flow and an energy source.
a.
atoms
c.
protons
b.
volts
d.
electrons
 

 70. 

Starting in the 1950s and continuing today in which the gathering, manipulation, classification, storage, and retrieval of information is central to the workings of society.
a.
Industrial Age
c.
Computer Age
b.
Electronic Age
d.
Information Age
 

 71. 

A ________________________ is any material that easily allows electrons to flow.
a.
capacitor
c.
conductor
b.
resistor
d.
diode
 

Matching
 
 
Match the terms with their definition.
a.
data
f.
receiver
b.
communication
g.
knowledge
c.
decoder
h.
storage
d.
encoder
i.
transmitter
e.
information
 

 72. 

Organized Data
 

 73. 

A device that changes a coded message into an understandable form
 

 74. 

A device tyhat acquires a signal (encoded message)
 

 75. 

A device that sends a signal (encoded message)
 

 76. 

Information applied to a task
 

 77. 

A device that changes a message into a form that can be transmitted
 

 78. 

The sending and receiving of information
 

 79. 

Unorganized facts
 
 
Match the communication listed below with the communication method.
a.
human to human
c.
machine to human
b.
human to machine
d.
machine to machine
 

 80. 

tv remote control
 

 81. 

email
 

 82. 

theromstat
 

 83. 

telephone
 

 84. 

smoke detector
 

 85. 

alarm clock
 
 
a.
grp003-1.jpg
f.
grp003-6.jpg
b.
grp003-2.jpg
g.
grp003-7.jpg
c.
grp003-3.jpg
h.
grp003-8.jpg
d.
grp003-4.jpg
i.
grp003-9.jpg
e.
grp003-5.jpg
 

 86. 

Resistor
 

 87. 

Light Emitting Diode
 

 88. 

Energy Source
 

 89. 

Potentiometer
 

 90. 

Photocell
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 91. 

An isometric drawing shows equal importance to height, width and depth.
 

 92. 

An Isometric drawing will have a point with three lines forming three 120 degree angles.
 

 93. 

Step one in using the box method is to use points and construction lines to identify surfaces that are not parallel to the faces of the box.
 



 
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