Name: 
 

FOT Midterm Study Guide 2014-2015



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

When using tonal shading, the surface hidden from the light is the
a.
gets no shading at all
c.
is in half tone
b.
darkest
d.
lightest
 

 2. 

In the designed world items such as generators, electric motors, alarm systems, and automobile electrical systems all depend on the application of _____________________.
a.
Electrical Technology
c.
Magnetic Technology
b.
Mechanical Technology
d.
Electronic Technology
 

 3. 

Technological ________________ is often the result of sharing technologies between technology systems
a.
connections
c.
innovation
b.
invention
d.
process
 

 4. 

________________involves establishing a product’s identity, conducting research on its potential, advertising it, distributing it, and selling it
a.
Intermodilism
c.
Managment
b.
Marketing
d.
Manufacturing
 

 5. 

Instrumentation like the telescope and microscope enabled early scientists to observe and quantify natural phenomena happened during this age.
a.
Information
c.
Bronze
b.
Renaissance
d.
Iron
 

 6. 

The evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has in turn affected the development of ____________________.
a.
tools and materials
c.
fabric and materials
b.
machines and tools
d.
information and know-how
 

 7. 

Starting in the 1950s and continuing today in which the gathering, manipulation, classification, storage, and retrieval of information is central to the workings of society.
a.
Information Age
c.
Industrial Age
b.
Computer Age
d.
Electronic Age
 

 8. 

The sequence of sending a message includes:
a.
source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, and destination
c.
source, decoder, transmitter, receiver, encoder, and destination
b.
source, encoder, receiver, transmitter, decoder, and destination
d.
destination, decoder, transmitter, receiver, encoder, and source
 

 9. 

Design is driven by ______________ and the market.
a.
money
c.
profit motive
b.
benefits to society
d.
governmental regulations
 

 10. 

Made up of source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, storage, retreival, and destination.
a.
transportation systems
c.
communication systems
b.
biotechnology systems
d.
medical systems
 

 11. 

A modern fuel efficient car is an example of how technological developments are evolutionary the result of a series of  ___________________ that have been made to the original invention.
a.
refinements
c.
advancements
b.
creations
d.
inventions
 

 12. 

Advancements in science and mathematics is promoted by _______________ progress.
a.
technological
c.
computer
b.
engineering
d.
industrial
 

 13. 

The wheeled plow, improved harness for horses, horseshoes, stirrups, waterwheels, crank, windmill, cast iron, cannons, mechanical clock, compass, ocean-going ships all were developed during the _______________.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Neolithic Age
b.
Renaissance
d.
Iron Age
 

 14. 


mc014-1.jpg



Use the diagram above to help you determine the amount of resistance in the resistor.(RED, ORANGE, YELLOW, GOLD)
mc014-2.jpg
a.
2300 ohms
c.
23,400  ohms
b.
230,000 ohms
d.
234 ohms
 

 15. 

Most technological development has been ______________, the result of a series of refinements to a basic invention.
a.
evolutionary
c.
original
b.
revolutionary
d.
transformational
 

 16. 

___________________ is the electrical force that moves electrons through a conductor
a.
Electricity
c.
Ohms
b.
Watts
d.
Voltage
 

 17. 

The time period in western Europe that saw a rebirth of the arts and humanities as well as the creation of scientific thought.
a.
Information Age
c.
Dark Ages
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Renaissance Age
 

 18. 

Information and _______________ technologies include inputs, processes and outs associated with sending and receiving information.
a.
mechanical
c.
communication
b.
medical
d.
biotechnologies
 

 19. 

Information and communication systems can be used to inform, ______, entertain, control, manage, and educate.
a.
maintain
c.
build
b.
experiment
d.
persuade
 

 20. 

When designing a new device, thought should be given to how it will be manufactured, operated, maintained, replaced, and disposed of as well as __________________________________________.
a.
how the device will operate
c.
who will maintain and clean the device
b.
how it will be used, and stored
d.
who will sell, operate, and take care of it
 

 21. 

Known as __________________, this is when a new user applies an existing innovation developed for one purpose in a different function.
a.
application processes
c.
innovation
b.
technology transfer
d.
inventions
 

 22. 

The development of agriculture, year round settlements, pottery, polished stone tools, spinning and weaving tools, wooden and stone plows and sickles are examples of technologies that evolved during the __________________.
a.
Modern Age
c.
Paleolithic Age
b.
Neolithic Age
d.
Middle Ages
 

 23. 

Throughout history,________________ has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
a.
transportation
c.
computers
b.
technology
d.
materails
 

 24. 

Design is the result of a ________, sequential process.
a.
random
c.
incomplete
b.
formal
d.
informal
 

 25. 

This age saw military dominance by the use of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows that enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production.
a.
Middle Ages
c.
Iron Age
b.
Agricultural Age
d.
Roman Empire Age
 

 26. 

Can be transferred from human to human, human to machine, machine to human, and machine to machine.
a.
interconnected components
c.
measurements
b.
photochemical processes
d.
information
 

 27. 

There are strong relationships between _______________ and the study of science that include interests in scientific laws, systems and designs
a.
fields of study
c.
technology
b.
mathematics
d.
engineering
 

 28. 

The picture below represents the angles used in
      mc028-1.jpg
a.
Isometric drawings
c.
Oblique Cabinet Drawings
b.
Two-point perspective drawings
d.
Oblique Cavalier Drawings
 

 29. 

The type of culture that satisifes its technological needs and wants through a mentoring, nutruring and participation approach is refered to as a ______________ culture.
a.
Market Oriented
c.
Heirarchally Oriented
b.
Adhocracy Oriented
d.
Clan Oriented
 

 30. 

The creation of new tools and materials has had a great impact on __________.
a.
politics
c.
civilization
b.
people
d.
social changes
 

 31. 

The ________________ saw development of continuous manufacturing, sophisticated transportation and communication systems, advanced construction practices, and improved education and leisure time.
a.
Industrial Revolution
c.
Computer Revolution
b.
Information Revolution
d.
Iron Age
 

 32. 

By examining the graph below, what can be said about the use of technology and society?

mc032-1.jpg
a.
Technology has caused the food production to decrease
c.
People in the 1700’s did not use any information.
b.
Technology has had a great effect on society
d.
Technology has had no effect on society
 

 33. 

The study of Social Science has been revolutionized by the use of __________________.
a.
computer databases
c.
file sharing
b.
cataloging databases
d.
computer processing
 

 34. 

Design problems _________ arise in a clearly defined form.
a.
seldom
c.
sometimes
b.
always
d.
never
 

 35. 

An __________________ is any material that prevents the flow of electrons
a.
resistor
c.
conductor
b.
capacitor
d.
insulator
 

 36. 

When communicating technical procedures or processes, it is important to know ___________________.
a.
look smart so that there will be few questions
c.
how to make a power point presentation
b.
your audience
d.
the technical details of the project
 

 37. 

Throughout history,________________ has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.
a.
technology
c.
transportation
b.
materails
d.
computers
 

 38. 

The transitional movement in Europe between the middle ages and modern times, marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence.
a.
Paleolithic Age
c.
Information Age
b.
Renaissance
d.
Middle Ages
 

 39. 

Which of the following is NOT a fossil fuel?
a.
Petroleum
c.
Gasoline
b.
Corn Oil
d.
Coal
 

 40. 

During the ________________, emphasis is placed on the processing and exchange of data.
a.
Paleolithic Age
c.
Modern Age
b.
Information Age
d.
Middle Age
 

 41. 

A stop light would be used to _____________ drivers.
a.
control
c.
inform
b.
educate
d.
entertain
 

 42. 

                                      mc042-1.jpg

The picture above is an example of
a.
an isometric drawing
c.
two-point perspective drawing
b.
An Oblique drawing
d.
Multi-view drawing
 

 43. 

In an information and communication system, these three items are associated with sending and receiving information.
a.
resources, process and output
c.
input, process and output
b.
feedback, resources and process
d.
input, resources and feedback
 

 44. 

______________is the systematic application of mathematical, scientific, and technical principles, to yield tangible end products that meet our needs and desires.
a.
Science
c.
Engineering
b.
Technology
d.
Mathematics
 

 45. 

When the electrons move from one atom to the next, it is called ___________ flow
a.
electron
c.
atom
b.
proton
d.
neuetron
 

 46. 

The use of iron as the main metal that was used for small figurines, ornamental jewelry, swords, axes, and spearheads.
a.
Stone Age
c.
Iron Age
b.
Neolithic Age
d.
Paleolithic Age
 

 47. 

The rise and decline of serfdom and feudalism, the rise of the money economy and capitalism, the expansion and contraction of economic activity, and the beginnings of urbanization and industrialization.
a.
Iron Age
c.
Renaissance
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Modern Age
 

 48. 

Which of the following is NOT a form of energy?
a.
Electrical
c.
Biological
b.
Chemical
d.
Nuclear
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg
In the diagram above, you can use what formula to help evaluate the design solution.
a.
Pathagrean Theorem
c.
Pascal’s Law
b.
Mechanical Advantage
d.
Ohm’s Law
 

 50. 

Electrons flowing in only one direction is called ___________ Current
a.
Direct
c.
Alternating
b.
Electron
d.
Electrical
 

 51. 

There are many ways to communitcate information, such as ____________ and electronic means.
a.
nonlinear
c.
open-loop
b.
graphic
d.
alternative
 

 52. 

The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies.
a.
Information Age
c.
Middle Ages
b.
Renaissance Age
d.
Industrial Revolution
 

 53. 

_________________ is the quantity or flow rate of electrons moving past a point within one second
a.
Electron Flow
c.
Current
b.
Voltage
d.
Resistance
 

 54. 

According to the PowerPoint presentation, a thermostat represents _________________ communication.
a.
human to human
c.
machine to machine
b.
machine to human
d.
human to machine
 

 55. 

Electronic Circuits consist of a path for ______________ to flow and an energy source.
a.
electrons
c.
volts
b.
atoms
d.
protons
 

 56. 

When a new technological idea is developed, the process of protecting that idea is known as _________________.
a.
protectionism
c.
prototyping
b.
expanding
d.
patenting
 

 57. 

Farming, the domestication of animals, beginning of settled communities is an example of how ____________________ has been evolutionary
a.
technological development
c.
agriculture
b.
tools and materials
d.
security and health
 

 58. 

The following equations are all different ways to mathematically explain which scientific concept?

V = IR      or      I = V      or      R = V
                              R                       I
a.
Ohms Law
c.
Bernoulli’s Law
b.
Horse Power
d.
Watts Law
 

 59. 

The Paleolithic Age saw the evolution of stone tools which lead to a(n)
a.
increase of population
c.
improved health
b.
enhanced security
d.
all of the above
 

 60. 

Designs must be continually ___________________ and improved.
a.
made, developed
c.
challenged, rejected
b.
checked, refined,
d.
innovated, improvised
 

 61. 

________________ is the force that reduces or stops the flow of electrons. It opposes voltage
a.
Current
c.
Capacitor
b.
Voltage
d.
Resistance
 

 62. 

In the cut away diagram of a motor below, what does the armature do?
mc062-1.jpg
a.
Rotates around the magnets.
c.
Converts electrical current into an electromagnet.
b.
Turns the brushes on the motor.
d.
When energized, it causes the magnets to rotate.
 

 63. 

A ________________________ is any material that easily allows electrons to flow.
a.
conductor
c.
resistor
b.
capacitor
d.
diode
 

 64. 

These types of systems are used to inform, persuade, entertain, control, manage, and educate.
a.
Consultation and Interaction
c.
Information and Communication
b.
Broadcasting and Computer
d.
Entertainment and Recreation
 

 65. 

A memo or school newsletter would most like be used to ____________ students and school employees.
a.
inform
c.
persuade
b.
entertain
d.
manage
 

 66. 

This age saw military dominance by the use of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows that enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production.
a.
Roman Empire Age
c.
Agricultural Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Iron Age
 

 67. 

The graph below describes attributes of four different types of cultures.  Based on this graph what could you say about the way the cultures develop and use new technologies?

mc067-1.jpg
a.
They all create technologies to satisfy their own needs, wants and values.
c.
Each culture creates technologies to satisfy the needs and wants of others.
b.
Each one creates and uses technologies at the same pace.
d.
They all depend on the development of other cultures to create new technologies
 

 68. 

A CONDUCTOR has 1 to ___ free electrons in the outer ring.
a.
4
c.
2
b.
3
d.
5
 

 69. 

Design ______________ sometimes compete with each other.
a.
research
c.
requirements
b.
opportunities
d.
needs and desires
 

 70. 

The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies.
a.
Information Age
c.
Neolithic Age
b.
Middle Ages
d.
Industrial Age
 

 71. 

The use of an alarm clock is what type of communication?
a.
machine to human
c.
human to machine
b.
machine to machine
d.
human to human
 

Matching
 
 
Match the communication listed below with the communication method.
a.
human to human
c.
machine to human
b.
human to machine
d.
machine to machine
 

 72. 

email
 

 73. 

telephone
 

 74. 

smoke detector
 

 75. 

theromstat
 

 76. 

alarm clock
 

 77. 

tv remote control
 
 
a.
grp002-1.jpg
f.
grp002-6.jpg
b.
grp002-2.jpg
g.
grp002-7.jpg
c.
grp002-3.jpg
h.
grp002-8.jpg
d.
grp002-4.jpg
i.
grp002-9.jpg
e.
grp002-5.jpg
 

 78. 

Resistor
 

 79. 

SCR
 

 80. 

Light Emitting Diode
 

 81. 

Diode
 

 82. 

Capacitor
 

 83. 

Speaker
 

 84. 

Potentiometer
 

 85. 

Photocell
 
 
Match the terms with their definition.
a.
data
f.
receiver
b.
communication
g.
knowledge
c.
decoder
h.
storage
d.
encoder
i.
transmitter
e.
information
 

 86. 

A device tyhat acquires a signal (encoded message)
 

 87. 

Organized Data
 

 88. 

A device that sends a signal (encoded message)
 

 89. 

A device that changes a message into a form that can be transmitted
 

 90. 

The sending and receiving of information
 

 91. 

A device that changes a coded message into an understandable form
 

 92. 

Information applied to a task
 

 93. 

Unorganized facts
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 94. 

Step one in using the box method is to use points and construction lines to identify surfaces that are not parallel to the faces of the box.
 

 95. 

An Isometric drawing will have a point with three lines forming three 120 degree angles.
 

 96. 

An isometric drawing shows equal importance to height, width and depth.
 



 
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