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FOT Pretest

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Select the best definition of “Technology”.
a.
Technology is the application of computers and other things to solve problems and help people extend their possible abilities
c.
Technology is the application of knowledge tools and skills to solve problems and extend human capabilities.
b.
Technology is the application of scientific discovery combined with math to make things like computers and cellular phones.
d.
Technology is the application of machines and tools to make things that we need.
 

 2. 

The use of technology has helped lead to longer life for many people.  One of the reasons for this includes ____________________.
a.
creating better buildings blocks of life
c.
striving for excellence
b.
conquering many diseases
d.
creating genetically modified organisms
 

 3. 

The stability of any technological system is its dependence on ______________.
a.
evaluating its effectiveness through a feedback loop
c.
the ability of the technology to never change
b.
looking how it effects the environment
d.
none of the above
 

 4. 

The concept of “Systems-Thinking” indicates that we apply ___________________ with appropriate compromises in complex real-life problems.
a.
our knowledge and skills
c.
science, technology, engineering and mathematics
b.
tools and machines
d.
logic and creativity
 

 5. 

__________________ is an ongoing process of designing or making a product and is dependent on criteria and constraint.
a.
Technology applications
c.
Manufacturing
b.
Science
d.
Optimization
 

 6. 

Technological innovation and invention are often driven by ______________.
a.
curiosity
c.
the need to solve a problem
b.
profit
d.
someone being lazy
 

 7. 

Convert the following inches to centimeters :
12.5 inches = ______________ cm
a.
4.92 cm
c.
30.625 cm
b.
12.5 cm
d.
31.75 cm
 

 8. 

Products and ideas are often protected by the process of _____________.
a.
law and order
c.
patenting
b.
trials and other lawsuits
d.
none of the above
 

 9. 

The application of technology promotes the advancement of __________________________.
a.
computers and electronics
c.
social science and psychology
b.
engineering
d.
science and mathematics
 

 10. 

What is the distance between the two lines?
mc010-1.jpg
a.
1 – 9/16 inches
c.
2 - 9/16 inches
b.
1 – 7/8 inches
d.
2 – 14/16 inches
 

 11. 

When determining the use and application of any new technology, a thorough evaluation of the ________________ trade-offs must be done.
a.
profit and risk
c.
positive and negative
b.
science and technological
d.
expected and unexpected
 

 12. 

Select an instance where ethical considerations have impacted the development, selection, and use of technologies.
a.
Human Genome Project
c.
Search for life on Mars
b.
Genetically Modified Organisms
d.
Nuclear Power Plants
 

 13. 

Individual citizens have to make informed decision about the development and use of technology.
a.
This statement is always true
c.
Decisions about technology need to be left to other people.
b.
This statement is always false
d.
Decisions about technology are not really needed.
 

 14. 

Cars have contributed to the air pollution in many cities.  To help with this problem, people have ___________________________.
a.
to drive less and take the bus
c.
to buy better fuel efficient cars
b.
devise technologies to reduce the negative consequences
d.
created new technologies that have eliminated air pollution
 

 15. 

The continual development of the transistor is an example of a ___________________.
a.
natural process
c.
computer
b.
communication revolution
d.
technological process
 

 16. 

The evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has been in turn affected, the development and use of ____________________.
a.
computers and cell phones
c.
tools and materials
b.
skills and knowledge
d.
science, technology, engineering and mathematics
 

 17. 

Early in the history of technology, the development of many tools and machines was based on ________________________.
a.
scientific knowledge
c.
application of mathematics
b.
technological know-how
d.
use of engineering
 

 18. 

Most technological development has been ________________, the result of a series of refinements to a basic invention.
a.
evolutionary
c.
new inventions
b.
revolutionary
d.
complementary
 

 19. 

The Iron Age was defined by the use of ___________ as the primary materials for tools.
a.
iron and tin
c.
iron and steel
b.
iron and bronze
d.
iron and metal
 

 20. 

The Industrial Revolution saw the development of continuous manufacturing, sophisticated transportation and communication systems, advanced construction practices, and _____________________________.
a.
improved education and ignorance
c.
new techniques and sporting events
b.
improved computer integrated manufacturing and ignorance
d.
improved education and leisure time
 

 21. 

The design process is a _____________, iterative, approach to problem solving that yields design solutions.
a.
systematic
c.
creative
b.
innovative
d.
visionary
 

 22. 

The design process includes the following steps:
a.
Be given a problem, brainstorming, researching and generating ideas, identifying criteria and specifying constraints, exploring possibilities, selecting an approach, developing a design proposal, making a model or prototype, testing and evaluating a design, using specifications, refining a design, creating or making it, and communicating processes and results.
c.
Ask a question, do background research, construct a hypothesis, test your hypothesis by doing an experiment, analyze your data and draw a conclusion, communicate your results
b.
Defining a problem, brainstorming, researching and generating ideas, identifying criteria and specifying constraints, exploring possibilities, selecting an approach, developing a design proposal, making a model or prototype, testing and evaluating a design, using specifications, refining a design, creating or making it, and communicating processes and results.
d.
Define a problem, do background research, generate ideas, construct a hypothesis, select an approach, do the experiment, make a model or prototype, test your experiment, refine the design, make it, communicate your results and processes
 

 23. 

When trying to solve a problem, it is understood that design problems are _____________ in a clearly defined form.
a.
always presented
c.
seldom presented
b.
mostly presented
d.
never presented
 

 24. 

For a design to be finalized, the designs need to be continually ________________________, and the ideas of the design must be redefined and improved.
a.
changed and adapted
c.
measured and evaluated
b.
modified and reproduced
d.
checked and critiqued
 

 25. 

There are established design principles that are used to evaluate existing designs, to _______________, and to guide the design process.
a.
collect data
c.
create products
b.
measure results
d.
apply knowledge tools and skills
 

 26. 

Engineering design is influenced by personal characteristics, such as creativity, __________________, and the ability to visualize and think abstractly.
a.
originality
c.
resourcefulness
b.
wits
d.
imagination
 

 27. 

Refining a design by using ________________ help to ensure that quality, efficiency, and productivity of the final product can be met.
a.
inventions
c.
innovations
b.
prototypes
d.
mock-ups
 

 28. 

Cutting a piece of plastic to length is an example of a ___________________.
a.
assembly process
c.
molding process
b.
forming process
d.
machining process
 

 29. 

To drill a hole in a piece of metal, the best type of drill bit to use would be a ___________________________.
a.
Brad point bit
c.
Forstner bit
b.
Spade bit
d.
Twist bit
 

 30. 

_________________________ is a specific problem-solving approach that is used intensively in business and industry to prepare devices and systems for the marketplace.
a.
Product development
c.
Research and development
b.
The engineering design process
d.
Market research and accounting
 

 31. 

Mechanical, structural, electrical, electronic, thermal, fluid, optical, bio, and material technologies as they are applied in the designed world are known as ________________________.
a.
the Building Blocks of Technology
c.
basis of engineering
b.
the Core Technologies
d.
the concepts of the designed world
 

 32. 

The application of: Levers, Inclined planes, Wedges, Wheels and axles, Pulleys, Screws, Gears, Cams, and Linkages are all examples of _________________.
a.
Mechanical Technology
c.
Mechanical Engineering
b.
Simple Machines
d.
None of the above
 

 33. 

The application of: Post and beam, House Framing, Suspension Bridges, and Cantilevers are example of ______________________.
a.
Construction Technology
c.
Civil Engineering
b.
Structural Technology
d.
Carpentry Technology
 

 34. 

Science concepts and mathematical concepts such as: Strength of shapes, Forces, Center of gravity, Moments of inertia, Stress, Strain, Deflection, and Efficiency is known as ______________________.
a.
Materials Technology
c.
Physics
b.
Manufacturing Technology
d.
Engineering Concept Technology
 

 35. 

A nuclear power plant is an example of _________________________.
a.
Thermal Nuclear Technology
c.
Electrical Technology
b.
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation Technology
d.
Electron Stimulating Technology
 

 36. 

The application of science concepts and mathematical concepts such as electromagnetic waves, digital logic, binary numbers, frequency, and amplification is known as ___________________.
a.
Computer Technology
c.
Analog Technology
b.
Scientific Technology
d.
Electronic Technology
 

 37. 

An Air Conditioner is an example of _______________________.
a.
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning
c.
Thermal Dynamic Technology
b.
Air Cooling Technology
d.
Thermal Technology
 

 38. 

A bicycle air pump is an example of ________________________.
a.
Fluid Technology
c.
Gaseous Induction Technology
b.
Compressed Air Technology
d.
Pneumatic Technology
 

 39. 

The bar code reader is an example of _______________________.
a.
Laser Technology
c.
Optical Technology
b.
Information Technology
d.
Product Inventory
 

 40. 

Insulin production is an example of _____________________________.
a.
Medical technology
c.
Genetic Engineering
b.
Biotechnology
d.
none of the above
 

 41. 

_________________________ include prevention and rehabilitation, vaccines and pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical procedures, genetic engineering, and the systems within which health is protected and maintained.
a.
Medical technologies
c.
Physical Therapy
b.
Biotechnology
d.
Health and Human Services
 

 42. 

The application of ___________________ processes produce: Agricultural products, Pharmaceuticals, Food and beverages, Medicine and Energy
a.
manufacturing
c.
biotechnology
b.
agriculture
d.
farming
 

 43. 

________________ uses a wide array of products and systems to produce, process, and distribute food, fiber, fuel, chemicals, and other useful products.
a.
Manufacturing
c.
Biotechnology
b.
Transportation
d.
Agriculture
 

 44. 

Thermal, radiant, electrical, mechanical, chemical, and nuclear are all forms of _________________________.
a.
air pollution
c.
electricity
b.
energy
d.
positive and negative forces
 

 45. 

The following concepts:  Source, Encoder, Transmitter, Receiver, Decoder, Destination, can be use describe the parts of ______________________.
a.
a communication system
c.
a cellular communication company
b.
computer science
d.
computer applications
 

 46. 

The idea that it takes many different forms of transportation to bring products to the market is known as ___________________.
a.
Transportation Technology
c.
Multi-transportation system
b.
Intermodalism
d.
none of the above
 

 47. 

__________________are designed to operate for a long period of time, while non-durable goods are designed to operate for a(n) _____________ period of time.
a.
Durable goods, extensive
c.
Durable goods, short
b.
Enduring goods, short
d.
Enduring goods, extensive
 

 48. 

The manufacturing of a product like Coca Cola is an example of _____________________.
a.
mass production
c.
batch production
b.
customized production
d.
continuous production
 

 49. 

The underlying base or basic framework of a construction system is known as a(n) ___________________________.
a.
infrastructure
c.
substructure
b.
superstructure
d.
road and rail network
 

 50. 

Put in order the steps in the construction process
a.
1.      Preparing the site
2.      Setting foundations
3.      Building the framework
4.      Enclosing the structure
5.      Finishing the interior and exterior
6.      Installing utilities
7.      Completing the site
c.
1.      Completing the site
2.      Preparing the site
3.      Building the framework
4.      Setting foundations
5.      Enclosing the structure
6.      Installing utilities
7.      Finishing the interior and exterior
b.
1.      Preparing the site
2.      Setting foundations
3.      Building the framework
4.      Enclosing the structure
5.      Installing utilities
6.      Finishing the interior and exterior
7.      Completing the site
d.
1.      Preparing the site
2.      Enclosing the structure
3.      Building the framework
4.      Installing utilities
5.      Setting foundations
6.      Finishing the interior and exterior
7.      Completing the site
 



 
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